Centro de Documentação da PJ
|ELKINS, Kelly M., e outros|
Additional predictions for forensic DNA phenotyping of externally visible characteristics using the ForenSeq and Imagen kits [Recurso eletrónico] / Kelly M. Elkins, Alexis T. Garloff, Cynthia B. Zeller
Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 68, n. 2 (March 2023), p. 608-613
Ficheiro de 1,22 MB em formato PDF.
ADN, CIÊNCIA FORENSE, ANÁLISE LABORATORIAL
Multiplex DNA typing methods using massively parallel sequencing can be used to predict externally visible characteristics (EVCs) in forensic DNA phenotyping through the analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The focus of EVC determination has focused on hair color, eye color, and skin tone as well as visible biogeographical ancestry features. In this study, we researched off-label applications beyond what is currently marketed by the manufacturer of the Verogen ForenSeq kit primer set B and Imagen primer set E SNP loci. We investigated additional EVC predictions by examining published genome wide sequencing studies and reported allele-specific gene expression and predictive values. We have identified 15 SNPs included in the ForenSeq kit panel and Imagen kits that have additional EVC prediction capabilities beyond what is published in the Verogen manuals. The additional EVCs that can be predicted include hair graying, ephelides hyperpigmented spots, dermatoheliosis, facial pigmented spots, standing height, pattern balding, helix-rolling ear morphology, hair shape, hair thickness, facial morphology, eyebrow thickness, sarcoidosis, obesity, vitiligo, and tanning propensity. The loci can be used to augment and refine phenotype predictions with software such as MetaHuman for missing persons, cold case, and historic case investigations.