Centro de Documentação da PJ
|PSYCHOPATHY AMONG CONDEMNED CAPITAL MURDERERS|
Psychopathy among condemned capital murderers [Recurso eletrónico] / Matt DeLisi ..[et al.]
Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 68, n. 2 (March 2023), p. 558-567
Ficheiro de 1,17 MB em formato PDF.
ANÁLISE PSICOLÓGICA, DOENÇA MENTAL, HOMICÍDIO, PERFIL PSICOLÓGICO, PSIQUIATRIA
Psychopathy is an important forensic mental health construct. Despite this importance, the research base of psychopathy among individuals convicted of capital murder is limited. Archival data were collected from a sample of 636 persons convicted of capital murder and sentenced to death in the State of California. Psychopathy was assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist – Revised (PCL-R) instrument. Data on criminal careers and other behavioral disorders were also extracted. The sample mean PCL-R total score was 23.31 (SD = 9.92) and one-third of individuals in this sample were considered clinically psychopathic with PCL-R total scores of 30 or greater. Factor analytic examination yielded support for four facets: affective, interpersonal, lifestyle, and antisocial. Criterion validity findings revealed positive correlations of psychopathy scores with Antisocial Personality Disorder (ñ = 0.72), Conduct Disorder (ñ = 0.46), sexual sadism (ñ = 0.24), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ñ = 0.20), ADHD (ñ = 0.15), arrest charges (r = 0.56), prison sentences (r = 0.53), and age of arrest onset (r = −0.57). Individuals convicted of capital murder and sentenced to death reflect heterogeneity in psychopathy with some individuals exhibiting pronounced psychopathic features.